Onderzoeksresultaten sociaal-economische impact
Het effect van rurale elektrificatie
Het onderzoek ‘Socio-economic Impact Assessment of Rural Electrification’ werd uitgezet door Foundation Rural Energy Services (FRES) en uitgevoerd door PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) in samenwerking met de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
In het onderzoek is gekeken naar de sociaal-economische impact van de rurale elektrificatieactiviteiten van FRES op gemeenschappen in Mali, Zuid-Afrika en Oeganda. Voor Oeganda was dit tevens een baselinestudie.
De volgende positieve effecten van FRES-activiteiten zijn in kaart gebracht:
“The activities of FRES have significant positive effects on the areas where it operates. 120
FRES clients (with access to rural electrification), 120 non-clients (without access to rural electrification), 10 health centres, 10 village heads, 20 schools and 10 businesses were interviewed
per country. Increased access to light has been shown to enable studying at night, contributing to an
observed increase in the amount of time children spend on their education. The quality of life is also
improved; for example, because people have more optional activities in the evenings, are able to
charge their cell phones at home, and have more access to information and communication devices.
At the community level the impact is strongly positive with a large number of public buildings being
electrified, as well as schools and health centres, municipal buildings, churches and mosques.
Healthcare services benefit from increased light and increased power to refrigerate vaccines. The
impact on household income is strongly dependent on the regional (or national) context, and is
strongest in Mali where small businesses are fairly common. The working climate in the region
benefits significantly. Electricity enables entrepreneurs to expand their business, work longer hours or
develop other small businesses.
FRES also contributes to regional (economic) developments. In all countries where FRES is active it has become one of the largest employers in the local rural areas, thereby creating stable, well-paid, high-value jobs. Consequently, FRES is able to bind highly qualified personnel to the region. In Mali, South Africa and Uganda alone, FRES provides direct employment toapproximately 185 locals and indirect employment to approximately 172 people.
Moreover, the solar home systems are assembled, installed and maintained locally. Auxiliary parts like frames, wooden boxes etc. are manufactured locally as well. As a result, FRES creates steady (indirect) employment for several suppliers. Also, the metal frames require painting and protection from corrosion, while the maintenance of the cars is performed by local garages.”
Read more in the full report